National Insurance Contributions

National Insurance Contributions (NIC) are assessed on earnings and are, therefore, effectively another form of income tax. With careful planning, it is sometimes possible to minimise this tax cost, although consideration has to be given to the potential loss of state pension and benefits, if insufficient NIC’s are paid.

Our tax technicians can advise in relation to class 1, class 2, class 3 and class 4 NIC. In particular, clients are often interested in:

  • The relative NIC costs of Salary v’s Dividends,
  • Class 2 and 4 NIC for the self employed,
  • NIC and share options,
  • Class 1a NIC on benefits in kind,
  • Saving class 1 NIC by salary sacrifice for employer pension contributions or childcare vouchers,
  • Paying class 1 NIC quarterly instead of monthly,
  • Outsourcing your class 1 NIC calculations to our payroll bureau service,
  • NIC on the speculative development of part of your garden,

Advising HM Revenue & Customs and the Contributions Agency of your income which is liable to National Insurance Contributions is principally achieved by completing the employment supplementary pages of a normal personal self assessment  tax return. Clients who are fearful that this liability may be investigated by HM Revenue & Customs may wish to consider taking out our tax investigation insurance.

Most people consider national insurance contributions as another unwelcome tax. As well as seeking to reduce this cost, our tax technicians will prepare all of the necessary paperwork and communicate with HMRC and the Contributions Agency on your behalf, so that you have peace of mind that your tax affairs are dealt with in a timely and professional manner.

Latest Blogs in National Insurance Contributions
Matilda Mawson
25th September 2020 2019/20 Pension Savings Statement – Request yours today!

  If you have made contributions to a registered pension scheme of more than £40,000 in the tax year, your scheme administrator should automatically send you a pension savings statement by 6 October 2020. This will detail your total pension input for the 2019/20 tax year as well as your pension input for the 3…

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Bethan Hassey
8th April 2020 Changes to Employment Allowance

Employment Allowance can be claimed to reduce the amount of Employer National Insurance payable. The 2020/21 tax year has introduced the following changes to Employment Allowance: The allowance has been increased from £3,000 per year to £4,000 per year You can only claim the Employment Allowance if your total Secondary Class 1 National Insurance liability…

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Ruth Pearson
5th March 2020 Employment Allowance Reform

The Employer Allowance was first introduced in April 2014, giving employers a reduction of £2,000 against their Employer’s NIC bill.   This was further increased in value from April 2016 to £3,000 and in addition the scheme was reformed to exclude single-director companies.   It has remained at £3,000 ever since and is claimed via…

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Matilda Mawson
2nd October 2019 Class 2 National Insurance – HMRC’s ongoing issues

July 2015 saw the end of direct debit collection for Class 2 National Insurance. Contributions are now collected through self-assessment and, despite there being 4 years since the change in the way payments are made, HMRC are still having teething problems. The issues arise as HMRC are running two computer systems side by side: national…

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Steven Denton
10th September 2019 Employer allowance – is it worth the hassle?

The £3000.00 employer allowance ceases at the end of the current tax year. From April 2020 employers will have to re-apply for a di minimis state aid based allowance.   A new HMRC checklist will have to completed to declare the following;   NIC contributions in the previous tax year were beneath £100,000; Confirmation that…

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Karen Moore
3rd September 2019 National Payroll Week – Keeping the UK Paid

2019 marks the 21st Anniversary of National Payroll Week which is from 2 to 6 September 2019.   National Payroll Week recognises and celebrates the importance of payroll in business and the UK economy.  Not many people may know that there are 1.3 million employers in the UK and that Payroll is the largest expenditure…

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Lucy Bayliss
4th July 2019 PAYE Settlement Agreement Deadline – 6 July 2019

A PAYE Settlement agreement allows employers to make one annual payment to cover the tax and National Insurance liability on minor, irregular or impracticable expenses for any employees. HMRC have now changed the process for PSAs and, instead of applying for a new PSA annually, from 2018-19 employers will have an enduring agreement and therefore…

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Vanessa Pearson
19th October 2018 Increasing publicity over IR35

In the run up to the Autumn Budget, where it is widely speculated the Government will clamp down on IR35 in the private sector, barely a week goes by without another IR35 case being in the news. Employment tribunal claims are increasingly being launched by those caught by the IR35 reforms of the public sector.…

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Richard Alecock
7th September 2017 Further move towards dealing with HMRC electronically

HMRC have for some time been keen for taxpayers to make their tax payments electronically.  They have recently updated their guidance to show that from 15 December 2017 it will no longer be possible for taxpayers to pay self-assessment tax, or in fact any other type of tax, directly at the Post Office.   This…

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Andrew Winearls
28th January 2017 State Pension Entitlement

Voluntary Payment of Class 2 NIC by Self-Employed: Protect your state pension ? Self-employed individuals and Partners in trading Partnerships now pay class 2 national insurance contributions annually on 31st January following the end of the tax year through their Self-Assessment Return. Prior to 5th April 2015 those on low incomes had to pay Class…

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